Owing to the entry into force of the aforementioned modification to the Information Society Services and Electronic Commerce Act (LSSICE) established by Royal Decree 13/2012, it is compulsory for the explicit consent of any user using websites that employ non-essential cookies to be obtained before they start browsing.
Cookies and other similar technologies, such as local shared objects, flash cookies or pixels, are tools used by web servers to store and retrieve information about their visitors and to ensure correct functioning of the website. The use of these devices enables the web server to remember certain user data, such as their preferences for viewing the pages on that server, name and password, products of most interest to them, etc.
According to the EU Directive, the cookies that require the user’s informed consent are analytics cookies and advertising and affiliate cookies; excluding those of a technical nature and those necessary for the website to function correctly and for the services explicitly requested by the user to be provided.
There are five major groups of cookies:
List of the name of the cookies, type, owner, function and expiry, for example:
– PHPSESSID: a strictly necessary technical cookie containing the session identifier. It is deleted when the browser is closed.
– _lang: a strictly necessary technical cookie containing the session language. It is deleted when the browser is closed.
– ac_cookies: a strictly necessary technical cookie containing the value indicating acceptance of installation of cookies. It expires one year after the most recent update.
– _ga: Google Analytics cookie enabling the monitoring function for single visits. The first time a user enters the website via a browser, this cookie will be installed. When this user re-enters the website with the same browser, the cookie will consider that it is the same user. Only if the user changes browser will they be considered a different user. It expires two years after the most recent update.
– _gat: this cookie is associated with Google Analytics Universal. It is used to limit the request speed – a limitation on the collection of data on websites with high traffic. It expires after ten minutes.
– _utma: Google Analytics cookie that records the date of the first and last time the user visited the website. It expires two years after the most recent update.
– _utmb: Google Analytics cookie that records the time of arrival at the website. It expires 30 minutes after the most recent update.
– _utmc: Google Analytics cookie used for interoperability with the urchin.js tracking code. It is deleted when the browser is closed.
– _utmt: Google Analytics cookie. This cookie is used to process the type of request made by the user. It expires at the end of the session.
– _utmv: Google Analytics cookie. This cookie is used to segment demographic data. It expires at the end of the session.
– _utmz: Google Analytics cookie that stores the source of traffic or a campaign to explain how the user reached the website. It expires six months after the most recent update.
1. Select the Tools icon.
2. Click “Settings”.
3. Click “Show advanced options”.
4. In the „Privacy“ section, click “Content settings”.
• Delete cookies: Click on “All cookies and site data”.
• Do not permit storage of cookies.
5. Click “Clear browsing data” (empty cache).
6. Close and restart the browser.
For more information about Chrome, click here:
Internet Explorer. Version 11
1. Select Tools | Internet Options.
2. Click the General tab.
3. In the „Browsing history“ section, click “Delete browsing history on exit”.
4. Select “Remove files”.
5. Select “Remove cookies”.
6. Click “Remove”.
7. Click OK.
8. Close and restart the browser.
For more information about Internet Explorer, click here: https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/topic/delete-and-manage-cookies-168dab11-0753-043d-7c16-ede5947fc64d
Firefox. Version 18
1. Select Firefox | History | “Clear recent history”.
2. Next to „Details”, click the down arrow.
3. Select the following check boxes: Cookies, Cache, Active logins.
4. Using the „Time range to clear“ in the drop-down menu, select “Everything”.
5. Click “Ok”.
6. Close and restart the browser. You can accept or reject cookies individually in Firefox Preferences, in the History section available in Tools > Options > Privacy.
For more information about Mozilla Firefox, click here: https://www.mozilla.org/en-US/privacy/websites/#cookies
Safari Version 5.1
1. Select the Safari / Edit icon | Restore Safari.
2. Select the following check boxes: Clear history, Delete all website data.
3. Click Reset.
4. Close and restart the browser.
For more information about Safari, click here: https://support.apple.com/en-gb/guide/safari/sfri11471/mac
Options – Advanced – Cookies.
The cookie options control how Opera handles cookies and therefore their acceptance or rejection.
For more information about Opera, click here: https://help.opera.com/en/latest/web-preferences/#cookies
Consult the documentation of the browser you have installed.
1. Specific information: Consent must be specific and based on adequate information. Generic consent without specifying the exact purpose of its nature is not acceptable.
2. Timing: Consent must be given before processing begins.
3. Active choice: Consent must be unequivocal. It must be an active indication of the data subject’s wishes. It must leave no doubt as to the intention of the person concerned.
4. Freely granted: Consent is only valid if the data subject is in a position to exercise a real choice and there is no risk of deception, intimidation, coercion or significant negative consequences if the data subject does not give consent.
1. When only technical cookies are used: No consent is required; you will only be informed of the cookies installed in the Cookies Policy.
2. When non-essential (non-technical) cookies are used: It is mandatory to obtain consent through a clear and proactive action, as well as making it possible to withdraw consent and to inform about the cookies installed.
Non-essential cookies may be installed whenever there is a transparent message in the background, with no possibility of it disappearing until expressly accepted by the user and the following is reported:
– By continuing to browse the website you accept their use.
– The ownership, purpose and expiry date of the cookies installed.
– Link with access to the Cookies Policy used by the website with the possibility of withdrawing consent.
„This website uses _ga/ cookies that are owned by Google Analytics, which last for two years, to enable the unique visitor tracking feature to make it easier for you to navigate the website. If you continue browsing, we consider that you agree to their use. You may withdraw your consent and obtain more information by consulting our Cookies Policy.”
– The banner must be visible until the user clicks ACCEPT.
– When the user clicks ACCEPT, the banner will disappear until the cookie expires.
– Access to the Cookies Policy section must be visible from any page of the website.